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Fidyah & Fitrana

 

What is Fidyah?

Fidyah is a donation of food a Muslim makes when he or she cannot fast in Ramadan and also cannot make up the lost days afterwards (for example, due to ill health). As fasting is one of the fundamental aspects of Islamic faith, a Muslim either has to fulfil the command of Allah (SWT) by fasting or make up for it by helping feed those in need, as directed by Islamic guidelines.

How Does One Calculate Fidyah?

In case of Fidyah, the assumption is that a Muslim has missed the fast due to a valid reason, therefore, the penalty is low. For every missed fast, one should provide two meals to a person in need. Alternatively, you can give a meal each to two people. The present rate for a substantial meal is £2.5, so for each fast missed, the Fidyah would be £5. If someone misses all the fasts of Ramadan (due to a long serious illness, for instance) they would need to pay £150.

What Is Kaffarah?

Kaffarah needs to be paid when you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan. Kaffarah payment is much higher than Fidyah because, Kaffarah is the penalty for breaking a fast with no valid reason. Fasting is a highly sacred state and it is also an obligation, therefore, forsaking that warrants a large penalty to discourage Muslims for breaking their fasts.

How Does One Calculate Kaffarah?

The compensation for a missed or fast which is broken deliberately would be to continuously fast for 60 days but if you are unable to do that then you must feed a meal each to 60 poor people. As of now, a days of food per person is priced at £5, the cost of feeding 60 people would then be £300.

What Is Fitrana?

Fitrana, also known as Zakat-ul-Fitr is an obligatory charity made by every Muslim at the end of Ramadan (before Eid Namaz at the latest) as a way to give thanks to Allah (SWT) for all the blessings and increased Sawab (divine reward) that the month brings. Paying Fitrana is compulsory on every Muslim who has food to spare in his/her household, after every member has been fed for a day. In the strict sense, a Fitrana is equivalent to four handfuls of substantial food; every member of an eligible household must give Fitrana; an adult with an income can pay on behalf of their dependent children and spouse. Fitrana payment as of 2021 is £5 per person.

How To Spend Your Fidya, Kaffarah and Fitrana?

Islam puts a strong emphasis on having the basic needs to all Muslims met, therefore it is advised that you give your Fidyah, Kaffarah and Fitrana to those in financial disdain and in need of food. By donating to UCI you can be sure that your Fidya, Kaffarah and Fitrana reaches people in impoverished communities, making their Ramadan and Eid easier while enabling you to fulfil your religious obligations.
The Fidyah for one missed fast is £5 while the Kaffarah for a not fasting without a valid reason is £300.Calculate your Fidya or Kaffarah accordingly and donate today to provide impoverished families with fulfilling Iftar meals.
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