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What is Ramadan?

During Ramadan, Muslims refrain from eating and drinking during daylight hours. The other acts of worship are the shahadah, which is the declaration of faith; salat, the five daily prayers; zakat, or almsgiving; and the hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca- Moved from why muslims fast section.

The holy month of Ramadan is a devotional time for 1.6. billion Muslims around the world. The holy book of Islam, the Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad SAWW during the blessed month of Ramadhan.

Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, or the Hijri calendar based on the lunar cycle, which began in AD622 when Muhammad SAWW migrated from Makkah to Madina.

Importance of Ramadan – key facts:

  • Fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam of which it is the fourth.
  • Fasting helps to attain Taqwa (performing of actions which please Allah and abstaining from those actions that displease Him).
  • Ramadan is known to be the month of Quran. It is highly recommended in the Ramadan to read and study the Holy Quran and to share with others.
  • The Night of Decree or The Night of Power (Laylat al-Qadr) falls in this month, which is better than a thousand months.
  • In this Holy month, the gates of “Paradise” are opened, the gates of “Hell” are closed and the “Devils are chained up”.
  • It is a very rewarding act in Ramadan to offer Iftaar (sunset meal) to those who are fasting.
  • It is also highly recommended to give Zakat (obligatory tax/donation – 2.5% of wealth/savings/assets) and Sadaqah (voluntary charity) in the Ramadan.
  • It is said in an authentic Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that fasting in Ramadan sincerely out of faith and in the hope of reward,  Allah SWT will  forgive all our previous sins, provided the major sins are not committed.

Why do Muslims fast?

Fasting in Ramadan is obligatory for Muslims, and in the Qur’an it states:

O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may attain Taqwa [God-consciousness]. – The Qur’an, Al-Baqarah:183

The Night of Power

The final ten nights of Ramadan, especially the odd nights, 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th – are believed that one of these nights would be Laylatul Qadr, “Night of Power”  

It is believed that worship done on Laylatul Qadr would be equivalent to 83 years.

What should I do on Laylatul Qadr?

There are many ways to gain reward on this blessed night:

  • I’tikaf: – The best way of catching this night is to remain in I’tikaf, if possible
  • Ibadah: Concentrate on prayer and worship. The best du’a for this night is:

  اَللَّهُمَّ اِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ ، تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي Allahumma innaka ’afuwwun, tuhibbul-’afwa, fa’fu ’anni (O Allah, You are most forgiving, and You love forgiveness; so forgive me)

  • Giving charity: The reward for any righteous act performed during this night is equivalent to that of having performed the same act for over 83 years!
  • Eating lightly: The more you eat the less productive you will  be harder for you to stay up.

SubhanAllah! there are such immense rewards to be gained in these blessed 10 nights. Allah (SWT) has hidden knowledge of the exact night out of mercy for us. This enables us to increase in our worship in search of this honourable night by praying, making dhikr and du’a and in turn having our sins forgiven and gaining many rewards.

Five Things You Can do to Get the Most from the Last Ten Days of Ramadan

  1. Perform i’tikaf
  2. Ask for forgiveness
  3. Increase the remembrance of Allah
  4. Make a list of du’a
  5. Memorise a new surah

Let’s all plan productive last ten days of Ramadan and insha’Allah. 

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